The most prominent case is that of Senator Leila de Lima.
But it includes many other lower-level politicians.
Smart policies for addressing drug retail markets look very different than the violence and state-sponsored crime President Duterte has thrust upon the Philippines.
Rather than state-sanctioned extrajudicial killings and mass incarceration, policing retail markets should have several objectives: The first, and most important, is to make drug retail markets as non-violent as possible.
Even prior to the Duterte’s brutal war on drugs, the rate of HIV infections in the Philippines has been soaring due to inadequate awareness and failure to support safe sex practices, such as access to condoms.
Along with Afghanistan, the Philippine HIV infection rate is the highest in Asia, increasing 50 percent between 20.Even though throughout East Asia, tough drug policies toward drug use and the illegal drug trade remain government default policies and often receive widespread support, countries, such as Thailand, Vietnam, and even Myanmar have gradually begun to experiment with or are exploring HARM reduction approaches, such as safe needle exchange programs and methadone maintenance, as the ineffective and counterproductive nature and human rights costs of the harsh war on drugs campaign become evident.Moreover, frightening and stigmatizing drug users and pushing use deeper underground will only exacerbate the spread of infectious diseases, such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, and tuberculosis.By eliminating low-level, mostly non-violent dealers, Duterte is paradoxically and counterproductively setting up a situation where more organized and powerful drug traffickers and distribution will emerge.shoot-to-kill policies is enormously corrosive of law enforcement, not to mention the rule of law.Among high-risk groups, including injection- drug users, gay men, transgender women, and female prostitutes, the rate of new infections jumped by 230 percent between 2011and 2015.Duterte’s war on drugs will only intensify these worrisome trends among drug users.In China itself, many so-called treatment centers often amounted to prisons or force-labor detention centers, with highly questionable methods of treatment and very high relapse rates.As long as there is demand, supply and retailing will persist, simply taking another form.Even when those who surrendered are placed into so-called treatment centers, instead of outright prisons, large problems remain.Many who surrendered do not necessarily have a drug abuse problem as they surrendered preemptively to avoid being killed if they for whatever reason ended up on the watch list.