What are you being asked to do in your literature review? Check your assignment question and your criteria sheet to know what to focus on. Select appropriate source material: Use a variety of academic or scholarly sources that are relevant, current and authoritative.
Use an overall introduction and conclusion to state the scope of your coverage and to formulate the question, problem, or concept your chosen material illuminates.
Usually you will have the option of grouping items into sections—this helps you indicate comparisons and relationships.
You will need to critically analyse each source for how they contribute to the themes you are researching.
In essence, a literature review identifies, evaluates and synthesises the relevant literature within a particular field of research.
The literature review is generally in the format of a standard essay made up of three components: an introduction, a body and a conclusion.
It is not a list like an annotated bibliography in which a summary of each source is listed one by one.
unexplored or under-researched areas) and articulates how a particular research project addresses this gap.
Literature refers to a collection of published information/materials on a particular area of research or topic, such as books and journal articles of academic value.
Instead, organize the literature review into sections that present themes or identify trends, including relevant theory.
You are not trying to list all the material published, but to synthesize and evaluate it according to the guiding concept of your thesis or research question If you are writing an annotated bibliography, you may need to summarize each item briefly, but should still follow through themes and concepts and do some critical assessment of material.