Human Genome Project Research Paper

Human Genome Project Research Paper-67
Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work!

Tags: Good Scholarship Essay IntroductionsEssay On Organizational ManagementThe Definitive Business PlanHow To Write In Apa Format For A Research PaperSample Research Proposals For UndergraduatesTeacher Letter Of Recommendation For College ApplicationAp World History Rubrics For EssaysEssay On Go Green Go CleanThe Art Of The Personal Essay Introduction SummaryBallad Of The Sad Cafe Essay

This cookie stores just a session ID; no other information is captured.

Accepting the NEJM cookie is necessary to use the website.

For example, most traits in humans and other species result from a combination of genetic and environmental influences.

In addition, some genes, such as those encoded at neighbouring spots on a single chromosome, tend to be inherited together, rather than independently, whereas other genes, namely those encoded on the mitochondrial genome, are inherited only from the mother, and yet other genes, encoded on the Y chromosome, are passed only from fathers to sons.

The completion of the rough draft was announced in June 2000 by Collins and Venter.

For the next three years, the rough draft sequence was refined, extended, and further analyzed, and in April 2003, coinciding with the 50th anniversary of the publication that described the double-helical structure of DNA, written by British biophysicist Francis Crick and American geneticist and biophysicist James D. Classical genetics is considered to have begun in the mid-1800s with the work of Austrian botanist, teacher, and Augustinian prelate Gregor Mendel, who defined the basic laws of genetics in his studies of the garden pea (gene, offspring inherit from each parent one form, or allele, of a gene.At the heart of the competition was the prospect of gaining control over potential patents on the genome sequence, which was considered a pharmaceutical treasure trove.Although the legal and financial reasons remain unclear, the rivalry between Celera and the NIH ended when they joined forces, thus speeding completion of the rough draft sequence of the human genome. uses cookies to improve performance by remembering your session ID when you navigate from page to page. Please set your browser to accept cookies to continue.(1) DNA, located in the cell nucleus, is made up of nucleotides that contain the bases adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G), and cytosine (C).(2) RNA, which contains uracil (U) instead of thymine, transports the genetic code to protein-synthesizing sites in the cell.Prior to the HGP, the base sequences of numerous human genes had been determined through contributions made by many individual scientists.However, the vast majority of the human genome remained unexplored, and researchers, having recognized the necessity and value of having at hand the basic information of the human genomic sequence, were beginning to search for ways to uncover this information more quickly.The field of molecular genetics emerged from the realization that DNA and RNA (ribonucleic acid) constitute the genetic material in all living things.In physical terms, a gene is a discrete stretch of nucleotides within a DNA molecule, with each nucleotide containing an A, G, T, or C base unit.

SHOW COMMENTS

Comments Human Genome Project Research Paper

The Latest from arhipar.ru ©