In particular, it is worth considering the possible relationship between this recent wave of college protests against discrimination on the one hand, and the recent string of police shootings of civilians on the other.
Sociology studies and research papers on the subject support this.
In principle, the policy of affirmative action can be understood as a form of providing reparations to people from minority backgrounds due to their historical treatment within the United States. Affirmative action in education is premised on the idea that due to their historical marginalization within the United States, people from minority backgrounds, and especially Blacks, may have a sociologically less equitable chance of making it into colleges and proceeding to meet with success within society.
Therefore, quotas are established in order to offset this effect of historical discrimination and thus level the playing field.
Kohli has summarized the problematic nature of this practice in the following way:"Many education researchers have argued that tracking perpetuates class inequality and is partial to blame for the stubborn achievement gap in the U. educational system—between white and Asian students on one side, and black and Latino students on the other" (paragraph 5). "The Case against Affirmative Action." Stanford Alumni.
On the one hand, it is arguable that advanced students should be provided with advanced opportunities. "Access to Health and Health Care: How Race and Ethnicity Matter." Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine 77 (2010): 166-177.
The problem with systematic tracking, though, would be that underachieving students may get more or less abandoned by the educational system.
Insofar as these students are more likely to come from certain demographic backgrounds than others, this would amount to a form of structural discrimination in education.
An important conclusion that can be drawn from this discussion is that the relationship between discrimination and education in the United States is primarily a structural one.
That is, contemporary discrimination is based not so much on individual-level malice against minority persons but rather population-level structural factors that predispose persons from minority populations to have diminished access to all the opportunities of the educational system. "University of Missouri Race, Discrimination Protests Grow after Athletes Jump In." NOLA.